Verb Agreement In Tagalog

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The central feature of verbs in Tagalog and other Filipino languages is the triggering system, often referred to as voice or focal. [3] In this system, the thematic relationship (agent, patient or other oblique relations – place, direction, etc.) of the noun, characterized by the direct casus particle, is encoded in the verb. It doesn`t really have a subject-verb match. There is only one form of all people in all forms of time. In its unmarked form, the verb triggers a reading of the direct noun as a patient of the clause. In its second form, it triggers the name as the agent of the clause. Other triggers are location, recipient, instrument, reason, direction, and scan value. As already mentioned, the sequence of pronouns [Verb] ko ikáw (I [Ver] of) can be replaced by kitá. Below is a table of the main verbal affixes, which consist of a variety of prefixes, suffixes, infixes, and circular fasteners. The appearance of the verb indicates the progressivity of the verb. It indicates whether the action has taken place, whether it is taking place or whether it will occur. Tagalog verbs are conjugated for tense with appearance and not with tense.

[1] [2] In example (5), the verb “binihag” (attached) is marked for the active voice and leads the actor (“Kuya Louis”) to take the nominative. Example (5) does not conform to principles (i) and (ii). In other words, principle (i) requires that the actor (“Kuya Louis”) precede all other arguments. However, as the actor also takes charge of the nominative case, principle (ii) requires that the expression “Kuya Louis” comes in last place. The preferred order of the agent and patient in the tagalog active clauses is still under discussion.


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